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In wrong cloth / En tela equivocada | by SantiMB.Photos
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In wrong cloth / En tela equivocada

Roncal, Navarra (Spain).


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A great spider (3-4 cm. aprox.) on the cloth of a sunshade.


Una araña grande (3-4 cm. aprox.) sobre la tela de una sombrilla.



Arachnophobia (from Greek arachne (αράχνη), "spider" and phobia (φοβία), "fear" ) is a specific phobia, an abnormal fear of spiders and other arachnids. It is among the most common of all phobias. The reactions of arachnophobics often seem irrational to others (and sometimes to the sufferers themselves). People with arachnophobia tend to feel uneasy in any area they believe could harbor spiders or that has visible signs of their presence, such as webs. If arachnophobics see a spider they may not enter the general vicinity until they have overcome the panic attack that is often associated with their phobia. In some cases, even a picture or a realistic drawing of a spider can also evoke fear. They may feel humiliated if such episodes happen in the presence of peers or family members.


An evolutionary reason for the phobias, such as arachnophobia, claustrophobia, fear of snakes or mice, etc. remains unresolved. One view, especially held in evolutionary psychology, is that the presence of venomous spiders led to the evolution of a fear of spiders or made acquisition of a fear of spiders especially easy. Like all traits, there is variability in the intensity of fears of spiders, and those with more intense fears are classified as phobic. Spiders, for instance, being relatively small, don’t fit the usual criterion for a threat in the animal kingdom where size is a factor, but most species are venomous (although many of the poisons produced by these species having no effect on humans), and some are lethal. Arachnophobes will spare no effort to make sure that their whereabouts are spider-free, hence they would have had a reduced risk of being bitten in ancestral environments. Therefore, arachnophobes may possess a slight advantage over non-arachnophobes in terms of survival. However, this theory is undermined by the disproportional fear of spiders in comparison to other, far more deadly creatures that were present during Homo sapiens' environment of evolutionary adaptiveness.


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La aracnofobia es el miedo (o fobia) a las arañas. Es de las fobias más comunes, y posiblemente la fobia de animales más extendida. Las reacciones de los aracnofóbicos frecuentemente parecen irracionales a otras personas, e incluso al propio afectado. Procuran mantenerse alejados de cualquier sitio donde creen que habitan arañas, o donde han observado telas de araña. Si ven una araña de lejos, quizá no puedan entrar en la zona, aunque sea espaciosa, o al menos tendrán que hacer antes un esfuerzo para controlar su pánico, que se caracteriza por sudoración, respiración rápida, taquicardia y náusea. El miedo a las arañas puede determinar el lugar donde el fóbico decide vivir, o el sitio al que acudirá en vacaciones, y limitar los deportes o pasatiempos de los que puede disfrutar.


Como la mayoría de las fobias, la aracnofobia se puede curar con tratamiento psicológico. Lo habitual es usar métodos que exponen gradualmente al fóbico al animal que le aterroriza (desensibilización sistemática), pero también se han propuesto sistemas de choque en los que la exposición es de gran intensidad y se realiza súbitamente.



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Taken on August 20, 2008