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Learning / Aprendiendo

Zoo - Barcelona (Spain).

 

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ENGLISH

Gorillas, the largest of the living primates, are ground-dwelling herbivores that inhabit the forests of Africa. Gorillas are divided into two species and (still under debate as of 2008) either four or five subspecies. The DNA of gorillas is 97%–98% identical to that of a human, and they are the next closest living relatives to humans after the two chimpanzee species.

 

The American physician and missionary Thomas Staughton Savage first described the Western Gorilla (he called it Troglodytes gorilla) in 1847 from specimens obtained in Liberia. The name was derived from the Greek word Gorillai (a "tribe of hairy women") described by Hanno the Navigator, a Carthaginian navigator and possible visitor (circa 480 BC) to the area that later became Sierra Leone.

 

Gorillas are closely related to humans and are considered highly intelligent. A few individuals in captivity, such as Koko, have been taught a subset of sign language.

 

Gorillas are now known to use tools in the wild. A female gorilla in the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo was recorded using a stick as if to gauge the depth of water whilst crossing a swamp. A second female was seen using a tree stump as a bridge and also as a support whilst fishing in the swamp. This means that all of the great apes are now known to use tools.

 

In September 2005, a two and a half year old gorilla in the Republic of Congo was discovered using rocks to smash open palm nuts inside a game sanctuary. While this was the first such observation for a gorilla, over forty years previously chimpanzees had been seen using tools in the wild, famously 'fishing' for termites. It is a common tale among native peoples that gorillas have used rocks and sticks to thwart predators, even rebuking large mammals.

  

Gorillas live in tropical or subtropical forests. Although their range covers a small percentage of Africa, gorillas cover a wide range of elevations. The Mountain Gorilla inhabits the Albertine Rift montane cloud forests of the Virunga Volcanoes, ranging in altitude from 2225 to 4267 m (7300-14000 ft). Lowland Gorillas live in dense forests and lowland swamps and marshes as low as sea level.

 

More info: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gorilla

 

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CASTELLANO

Los gorilas (Gorilla) son mamíferos omnívoros que habitan los bosques de África central. Es el más grande de los primates vivos. Su ADN es 97%–98% idéntico al humano, siendo el más cercano al humano después de dos especies de chimpancés.

 

El físico y misionero americano Thomas Staughton Savage fue el primero en describir el Gorila occidental (lo llamó Troglodytes gorilla) en 1847 a partir de especímenes obtenidos en Liberia. El nombre es derivado de la palabra griega Gorillai (una "tribu de mujeres peludas") descrita por Hanno el navegante.

 

Los gorilas son muy cercanos a los humanos y están considerados como altamente inteligentes. Unos pocos individuos en cautividad, como koko han aprendido un lenguaje de signos simplificado.

 

Los gorilas son conocidos por usar herramientas en estado salvaje . Una hembra de gorila en el parque nacional de Nouabalé-Ndoki (reublica del congo) ha sido grabada usando un palo como si midiera la profundidad del agua de un pantano antes de cruzarlo. Una segunda hembra ha sido vista usando un tronco de árbol como puente y también como apoyo mientras pesca. Esto significa que todos los grandes simios saben como usar herramientas.

 

En Septiembre de 2005, un gorila de dos años y medio de la República del Congo fue descubierto usando rocas para romper un coco en un santuario de caza. Mientras que esta ha sido la primera observación en un gorila, más de 40 años antes los chimpancés han sido vistos usando herramientas en estado salvaje, el famoso "pescando" termitas. Es una leyenda común de las gentes nativas haber visto gorilas usando palos y rocas para atacar a depredadores o asustar a grandes mamíferos.

 

Más info: es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gorila

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Taken on April 6, 2008