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Lucrecia moribunda | by Miguel & Vicky
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Lucrecia moribunda

Estatua ubicada en la Camara de Comercio de Barcelona (La Llotja). Obra de Damià Campeny

Según la narración de Tito Livio, aceptada sin graves reparos por los historiadores posteriores, tenía fama de mujer hacendosa, honesta y hermosa. Se sabe que su belleza y honestidad impresionaron vivamente a Sexto Tarquino, hijo del Rey Lucio Tarquinio el Soberbio.

 

Éste, para satisfacer los frenéticos deseos que sentía por ella, pidió hospitalidad a Lucrecia cuando su esposo se hallaba ausente. Aprovechando la oscuridad de la noche, se introdujo en la habitación de Lucrecia y la violó, sin que ella se resistiese ni gritara, creyéndole su marido. Esto ha derivado una variante no menos sospechosa que la mencionada como increíble.

 

Al día siguiente Lucrecia llamó a su padre y a su esposo, y les refirió el ultraje recibido. Les pidió venganza contra Sexto Tarquino y se hundió un puñal en el pecho luego de pronunciar la frase: «¡Ninguna mujer quedará autorizada con el ejemplo de Lucrecia para sobrevivir a su deshonor!»

 

Lucretia is a legendary figure in the history of the Roman Republic. Her husband was Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus, her father was Spurius Lucretius Tricipitinus and her brother was Publius Lucretius Tricipitinus, one of the two second Consuls of Rome. According to Roman mythology her rape and consequent suicide were the cause for the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the Roman republic.

 

According to the version of Livy, the last king of Rome had a violent son, Sextus Tarquinius, who in 509 BC raped a Roman noblewoman named Lucretia. He told her that if she did not do what he said, then he would kill her and place her dead body naked next to the body of a slave. The perception of having committed adultery with a lowly slave would have brought serious dishonor on Lucretia's family, so she complied.[1] Lucretia compelled her family to take action by gathering her kinsmen, telling them what happened, and then killing herself. When her family found her, she was dead with a knife stabbing her heart.[2]

 

Her brother Lucius Junius Brutus incited the people of Rome against the royal family by displaying her body. They were impelled to avenge her, and Brutus led an uprising that drove the Tarquins out of Rome to take refuge in Etruria. The result was the replacement of the monarchy with the new republic. Among the avengers was also her husband Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus. In the end Lucretia's brother and her husband became the first consuls of Rome.[3]

 

St. Augustine made use of the figure of Lucretia in The City of God to defend the honour of Christian women who had been raped in the sack of Rome and had not committed suicide.

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Taken on May 24, 2009