Qutub Shahi Dynasty
Tomb of Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah (1580-1611) Reproduced from a 1997 photograph taken on Canon AE-1
The Qutb Shahi dynasty was a Turkic dynasty (Urdu: سلطنت قطب شاهی ) (whose members were also called the Qutub Shahis). They were the ruling family of the kingdom of Golconda in southern India. They were Shia Muslims and belonged to Kara Koyunlu.
The dynasty's founder, Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk, migrated to Delhi with some of his relatives and friends in the beginning of the 16th century. Later he migrated south, to Deccan and served Bahmani sultan, Mohammad Shah. He conquered Golconda and became the Governor of Telangana region in 1518, after the disintegration of the Bahmani Kingdom into the five Deccan sultanates. Soon after, he declared independence from the Bahmani Sultanate, took the title Qutub Shah, and thus established Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda.
This dynasty was the first Muslim dynasty to rule Telugus. This effectively divided the Telugu nation into two countries, one Muslim ruled country (Telanagana State) and the other a Hindu ruled country. The dynasty ruled Golconda for 171 years, until the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered the Deccan in 1687.
Even after their rule, Telangana State continued to be ruled by Muslims until the Hyderabad State joined the Indian Union in 1948 with the military intervention called Operation polo by the Government of India.