Fragment of a so-called Kudurru dating to the Kassite period (last third of the 2nd mill. BCE) [Metropolitan Museum of Art]
Kudurrus are extremely important monuments. Originally these artifacts were believed to stand at the borders between properties, hence their designation. But it is more likely that there original repository was in temples. Kudurrus normally consist of a iconographical and an epigraphic section. The iconographical part contains divine symbols; in this example the mushhushu-dragon and the spade on a socle, both assigned to the god Marduk.
The text often inscribed on these monuments testify to (royal) land grants. Rather frequently we find not only the location of the respective field or property in respect to other fields or topographical landmarks like canals and so forth, but also extensive curse formulae aiming those who try to destroy the inscription.