Near East St. Louis, Illinois
"Of all ancient civilizations in North America, human hands have built no greater earthwork than the Monks Mound near East St. Louis, IL. The Mound Builders statesmanship, ambitious projects and workforce make them one of the most important cultures of World history. The traditions and legends that once richly adorned its complex landscape have been mostly torn away. .... The Travel Channel stated that Monks Mound is the “Worlds largest pyramid”. The mounds long life is most likely due to the expertise of the ancient soil engineers that used complex layering materials to build it. Early estimates of the population of the American Bottom region reaching fully 100,000 people may be due to the location of the mound. Its location made Monks Mound vital to the commerce of a vast trade network of rivers. The confluence of the Illinois, Mississippi, Meramec, Missouri, Kaskaskia, and Ohio rivers contributed in part to Cahokia’s size because of the convenient location for travelers of the ancient waterways."