Elegant Universe - 4
Gates says that Adinkras turn algebra into a 'game' that can be described like a game of Cats Cradle or a Rubik's Cube. Discovering relations within or between sets of equations via an Adinkra picture is a lot simpler than working through the algebra. Above, a quirky relationship within the top Adinkra is expressed with the pink lines in the bottom image. It turns out that one side of the Adinkra is the inverted mirror image of the other.
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The graphical images of Adinkras were discovered by the interdisciplinary research effort of C.F. Doran, M.G. Faux, S.J. Gates, Jr., T Hubsch, K.M. Iga, G.D. Landweber, and R.L. Miller. This research was supported in part by the endowment of the John S. Toll Professorship, the University of Maryland Center for String & Particle Theory, the University of Washington Royalty Research Fund, National Science Foundation Grant PHY-0354404, and Department of Energy Grant DE-FG02-94ER-40854. Adinkras were drawn with the aid of the Adinkramat (c) 2008 by G. Landweber.
A popular-level discussion of Adinkras and how they appear in string theory can be found in Superstring Theory: The DNA of Reality (c) 2006 by The Teaching Company.