Nerdy Bookshelf Part One
Still not read through all of them.
The encyclopaedia is called »The Joy of Knowledge« (Mitchell Beazley, published mid- to end-70s) in the original english edition. Judging from what I (not) found on Amazon, both the original and the German edition are out of print. That's a shame.
The other books are:
On Mac OS X programming:
Python, Java, LaTeX:
(mine is the now outdated JSEE 1.4 version; you can get the outdated books at substantial discounts.)