The Temenos Gate at Petra, Jordan - March 2012
The Temenos Gate is a name that indicates the remains of a monumental door, with three arches, decorated on both sides and built around the second century AD. It was ornamented with sculptures, carvings and niches with statues that merged elements of the Hellenistic-Roman culture with that Nabataean.
On the side of the door there were three rooms which flowed into a common hall. It is supposed that this area corresponded to a thermal complex. In the vast area beyond the door there was the temenos, and at its southward, it recognizes the remains of a staircase, a small tub, a triclinium, some bases of statues and an inscription dedicated to the Nabataean king Aretas IV.
It seems that the function of this structure was to separate the area of the Colonnaded street, which was the fulcrum where the city was alive with all its activities : trades, meetings, markets , from the Temenos, an open space, dedicated to religious ceremonies, which is placed in front of the temple of Qasr Al Bint.