A Typology of Concrete
typology |tʌɪˈpɒlədʒi|
noun ( pl. -gies)
1 a classification according to general type, esp. in archaeology, psychology, or the social sciences : a typology of Saxon cremation vessels.
• study or analysis using such classification.
2 the study and interpretation of types and symbols, originally esp. in the Bible.
DERIVATIVES
typological |-əˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l| adjective
typologist noun
ORIGIN mid 19th cent. (sense 2) : from Greek tupos ‘type’ + -logy .

concrete
adjective |ˈkɒŋkriːt|
existing in a material or physical form; real or solid; not abstract : concrete objects like stones | it exists as a physically concrete form.
• specific; definite : I haven't got any concrete proof.
• (of a noun) denoting a material object as opposed to an abstract quality, state, or action.
noun |ˈkɒŋkriːt|
a heavy, rough building material made from a mixture of broken stone or gravel, sand, cement, and water, that can be spread or poured into molds and that forms a stonelike mass on hardening : slabs of concrete | [as adj. ] the concrete sidewalk.
verb [ trans. ] (often be concreted)
1 |ˈkɒŋkriːt| cover (an area) with concrete : the precious English countryside may soon be concreted over.
• [ trans. ] fix in position with concrete : the post is concreted into the ground.
2 |kənˈkriːt| archaic form (something) into a mass; solidify : the juices of the plants are concreted upon the surface.
• make real or concrete instead of abstract : concreting God into actual form of man.
PHRASES
be set in concrete (of a policy or idea) be fixed and unalterable : I do not regard the Constitution as set in concrete.
DERIVATIVES
concretely adverb
concreteness noun
ORIGIN late Middle English (in the sense [formed by cohesion, solidified] ): from French concret or Latin concretus, past participle of concrescere ‘grow together.’ Early use was also as a grammatical term designating a quality belonging to a substance (usually expressed by an adjective such as white in white paper) as opposed to the quality itself (expressed by an abstract noun such as whiteness); later concrete came to be used to refer to nouns embodying attributes (e.g., fool, hero), as opposed to the attributes themselves (e.g., foolishness, heroism), and this is the basis of the modern use as the opposite of [abstract.] The noun sense [building material] dates from the mid 19th cent.
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