Matwari and Dhikr

The Islamic mysticism (or Sufism) which can be found in Lamu on the eastcoast of Kenya, has always encouraged African participation in Islamic worship by incorporating matwari (drumlike tambourines) and dhikr (rhythmic chanting).


The distinctive repertoire of devotional activities that emerged from the combination of African and Islamic traditions was noted by the famous North African traveler, Ibn Battuta. While visiting the sultan of Mogadishu in 1331, Ibn Battuta took part in a graveside prayer ritual that was followed by a zefe (musical procession). These ceremonies seem to be analogous to the song parade that leads hundreds of men and boys along the Lamu seafront from the graveyard on the final day of the Maulidi festival and during the Muslim New Year festivities.

Rita Banerji and kemetlibrarian faved this
  • Rita Banerji 8y

    Hi, I'm an admin for a group called 50 million missing (photos only of Indian women and girls), and we'd love to have your photo added to the group.

    Beautiful capture. And thank you for the commentary.
  • rogiro 8y

    Thanks so much for your kind comment. However, I don't see any single women or girls on this picture, let alone Indian women or girls. Maybe some other pictures I took will fit in much better with this group, they are not Indian, but some are from Indian descent.

    No kiddin' by rogiro

    What am I doing here? by rogiro
  • NW-X PRO 8y

    hmmm.. that is puzzling. but it's a great photo, and it would fit and be quite appropriate in the Global Spirit group.
  • mhobl PRO 6y

    Hi, I'm an admin for a group called Just walking, and we'd love to have this added to the group!
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Taken on January 21, 2007
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