The two windows of Notre Dame were built between , and were designed in the style of the High Gothic period. This is evident by how they sit flush with the wall rather than being recessed, unlike the rose window on the western façade which was built during the Early Gothic period. The rose window on the south wall depicts the "Triumph of Christ" along with scenes from the New Testament.
Both the north and the west rose windows are noted for still having a majority of the original glass still intact. However, the south rose window is a complete replica of the original. Some important notes, especially when looking at the north and south rose windows. First, one will note that the jambs of the south rose window have a definite vertical and horizontal thrust. It depicts stories from the New Testament. The jambs of the north (original) rose window do not have jambs which go straight up and down. The jambs here are more like a wheel, turning; it depicts stories from the Old Testament. This is also the rose which has predominantly blue colors in the windows, as opposed to the south rose, which is dominated by strong hues of purple.