Cellini, Salt Cellar
Benvenuto Cellini, Salt cellar, 1540-43, gold, enamel, ebony, and ivory, 28.5 x 21.5 x 26.3 cm (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna). This Mannerist salt bowl (the triumphal arch held the peppercorns!) is the only extant work in gold by Cellini that has been securely identified. It depicts a personification of the sea (the male figure) and the earth (the female figure) and was commissioned by Francis I, the king of France. The cellar was stolen from the Kunsthistorisches Museum in 2003, but recovered three years later.