Feathered headdress, Aztec (reproduction)
Feathered headdress, Aztec, reproduction (National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City)
based on the original feathered headdress, Mexico, Aztec, early 16th century, quetzal, cotinga, roseate spoonbill, piaya feathers; wood, fibers, amate paper, cotton, gold, gilded brass (World Museum, Vienna)
The headdress is also called the “Penacho of Moctezuma II.”
“Moctezuma II’s Headdress” was first mentioned in a European inventory in 1596, when it was acquired by Austrian Archduke Ferdinand II von Tyrol. It was listed there as “a Moorish hat.” It was likely an object sent from Mesoamerica to Europe by Hernan Cortes, but it is unknown whether it actually belonged to Moctezuma II himself.