Tet Trung Thu 16

Mid Autumn Festival /

Festival de la Mi Automne

 

Fete de la mi-automne vietnamienne

Vietnamese mid-autumn festival

 

 

Le Têt Trung thu - La fête des enfants vietnamiens

 

A l’origine, la mi-automne ou Trung thu, en vietnamien, était une fête agricole et astrologique. Elle est célébrée depuis longtemps, dans plusieurs pays rizicoles d’Asie comme la Chine, la Corée du Sud, le Japon et le Vietnam.

 

Selon les Vietnamiens anciens, l’automne est la saison où prédomine le principe femelle de la lune, par opposition au printemps où c’est le soleil, principe mâle, qui domine. Pendant cette saison, le ciel est clair et l’air est pur. Les paysans, conformément à leurs croyances, examinent alors la lune pour savoir si la moisson sera bonne ou non :

 

une lune brillante indique une bonne récolte.

Si son éclat est jaune, les vers donneront beaucoup de soie ; la paix et le bonheur profiteront à tous.

Si l’éclat de la lune est vert, c’est alors un signe de famine.

Mais si des trainées noires dissimulent en partie la lune, alors c’est une annonce de guerre.

De nos jours, la Fête de la mi-automne est devenue essentiellement la fête des enfants, mais les adultes participent aussi aux festivités. A l’approche de la fête, toute la famille prépare des gateaux et des jouets. Les femmes montrent leur savoir-faire en préparant des Banh deo (pain de riz gluant farcis en forme de disque lunaire) et des Banh nuong (gâteaux cuits au four diversement farcis). Les filles sculptent des animaux à partir de fruits comme les caramboles, les pamplemousses, les kakis, les bananes... Les hommes fabriquent des jouets ingénieux comme des Den keo quan (lanterne aux ombres chinois), des Den ong sao (lanterne en forme d’étoile), et des masques en formes d’animaux.

( www.vn.refer.org/vietnam/article.php3?id_article=162 )

 

History and celebration of Tet Trung Thu, the Vietnamese Mid-Autumn Moon Festival.

 

Tet Trung Thu, as it is known in Vietnam, or the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival as we refer to it in America, is a wonderful, ancient festival that revolves around children.

 

The Mid-Autumn Moon Festival (Tet Trung Thu) dates back as far as 15-20,000 years ago in Southeast Asia, and is traditionally held on the 15th day of the 8th Lunar Month. The Mid-Autumn Moon Festival is one of the two most popular festivals in Vietnam, and has been important to families in Vietnam for many years.

 

It is said that originally, the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival came about as a way for parents to make up for lost time with their children after harvest season. The harvest was done by September, (August in the Lunar calendar) and the parents were anxious to spend time with their children and do something special with them, as well as celebrate the harvest, after spending much time working hard and away from the family. It was held under the full moon, which represents fullness and prosperity of life.

 

Tet Trung Thu is very much like a combination of our Halloween and Thanksgiving. Children parade on the streets, while singing and carrying colorful lanterns of different sizes. Some of the popular shapes include fishes, stars, butterflies and a lantern that spins when a candle is inserted, representing the earth circling the sun.

 

Dances are also traditional, and include the dragon dance and the flower dance.

 

It is customary to give Banh Trung Thu, boxes of moon cakes, which are traditionally very rich in taste. The cakes are filled with lotus seeds, ground beans and orange peels and have a bright yoke in the center to represent the moon.

 

Today, the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival, as well as encouraging affection for children, promotes education, poetry, dance and arts and crafts.

( from www.adoptvietnam.org/vietnamese/tet-trung-thu.htm )

 

 

 

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Taken on October 15, 2006