Greater Bamboo Lemur, Prolemur simus
According to a report on National Public Radio, there are likely only two last remaining greater bamboo lemurs in the entire 160-square-mile Ranomafana national park, a rare sanctuary for wildlife on this Indian Ocean island, Madagascar. To find the two little lemurs, guides track through the dense bush, imitating their calls.
Scientists believe their decline was caused by climate change. They believe that warmer temperatures cause an increase of parasites and pathogens in these animals and warmer, dryer climate has slowed growth of bamboo, their only food source. The bamboo does not put on as many tender new shoots on which the lemurs feed.
As few as 60 greater bamboo lemurs are left in the wild, and no more than 150, making them among the most critically endangered primates on the planet.
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