"Gross National Happiness" in Bhutan is used in place of 'Gross Domestic Product' where social, environmental and cultural factors define the quality of life. This development philosophy has received global recognition, but meeting future development needs without compromising the environment remains a great challenge. Currently, Bhutan has a forest cover of 72.5 percent and protected areas cover 51.44 percent of the country. Bhutan's socio-economic growth is driven by sectors dependent on the environment.
Electricity generated by hydropower is used by more than 70 percent of the population. Agriculture and forestry provide a livelihood and employment for 60 percent of Bhutan's population. The Poverty-Environment Initiative focuses on integrating environment, climate and poverty into Bhutan's policies, plans, programmes and budgets to achieve a greener, more inclusive and more sustainable development path. PEI Bhutan, known as the "Joint Support Programme" (JSP) is coordinated by the Gross National Happiness Commission.
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