In 2010, biofuels made up 4.7 per cent of all ground transport fuel used in the EU. More than three quarters of the EU’s biofuel is biodiesel, most of which is made from rapeseed grown in the EU and imported soy and palm oil; the remaining quarter is ethanol, most of which is made from wheat and corn grown in the EU and imported sugarcane.
Source: EurObserv’ER (2011) ‘Biofuels barometer’, www.eurobserv-er.org/pdf/biofuels_2011.pdf
Land used to power European cars with biofuels for one year could produce enough wheat and maize to feed 127 million people.
With the world’s poorest at greater risk of hunger as a result of spiraling food prices, Oxfam is calling on the EU to rethink its dangerous love affair with biofuels.
In a new GROW campaign report, The Hunger Grains, Oxfam warns that Europe’s growing appetite for biofuels is pushing up global food prices and driving people off their land, resulting in deeper hunger and malnutrition in poor countries.