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One of the first latrines built in Jamam camp | by Oxfam International
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One of the first latrines built in Jamam camp

One of the first latrines built. This one has a wooden structure, whereas the newer latrines have plastic bases which are stronger and more durable.


Nearly 30,000 refugees from the conflict in Sudan’s Blue Nile region have arrived in Jamam – a village in the remote Upper Nile state of South Sudan – since the start of 2012. Oxfam’s team in South Sudan is providing clean water, public health and sanitation in and around the new camp. With many more people expected to come, Oxfam is scaling up our response.


Oxfam moved staff and supplies in to the area late last year in anticipation that a big influx of people could come as the fighting in Blue Nile intensified. In December Oxfam chartered three planes from Juba (the capital of South Sudan) to bring up staff, food, camping equipment, and equipment such as generators, submersible pumps and water pipes.


Oxfam is building communal latrines to improve sanitation, and 50 refugees have been trained to work within the camp to promote good hygiene practices. The camp is a very crowded place; as people are sharing water, with few latrines and soap, there is a real risk of disease spreading.


Read more on Oxfam's response in the crisis in Sudan and South Sudan


Photo: Alun McDonald/Oxfam

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Taken on January 1, 2012