John D. Rockefeller
John D. Rockefeller, 1918, plaster by Paul Howard Manship
John D. Rockefeller once remarked, "The only question with wealth is, what do you do with it?" By 1913, Rockefeller, a founder of the Standard Oil Company, had amassed an estimated $900 million, earned from an aggressive reorganization of the oil industry, which granted his company a virtual monopoly and him a tough reputation. An emblem of self-made success, the controversial tycoon rehabilitated his reputation in later years by supporting charitable causes such as medicine, education, and the Baptist Church. Paul Manship's bust reflects the transformation, depicting Rockefeller as a generous benefactor rather than a ruthless industrialist.