On the way to Lamayuru, there is an extremely barren piece of land, locally called the Moonland. The surface of which resembles that of the surface of the moon, hence the name.
About 20 million years ago India is believed to have been connected to the southeastern tip of Africa. Stresses in the earth's crust due to an under-sea volcanic eruption resulted in the development of a rift between them. India broke free and began drifting north. Millions of years later this oceanic edge collided with the Eurasian Plate and began to be thrust upward. Eventually, the deep sea-floor of the Indo-Australian Plate rose above sea level, and the Himalayas were born. The Himalayas, once the deep sea-floors of an ancient sea, are now a majestic terrestrial mountain range. Moonland is believed to be part of the volcano on that sea bed.