Basilica de Santa Maria del Mar
Santa Maria del Mar was built during the reign of King Jaume II, who also oversaw construction of Barcelona's cathedral. Begun in 1324, Santa Maria del Mar took only five years to complete.
At the time, the church was situated on the seashore (hence the name "St. Mary of the Sea"). Its magnificence was intended to symbolize the naval supremacy of the Kingdom of Aragon. Specifically, the church was built to commemorate the recent conquest of Sardinia.