The Black Hmong are the 3rd largest minority in Vietnam with nearly 900,000 people. In the Sapa region there are about 35,000 residing in the surrounding 17 villages and they account for about 50% of the area population. The Hmong started migrating to Vietnam from china in the last 300 years. They live of the land, growing rice, corn, hemp and indigo blue for clothing. About half the Hmong, in this region, are Animistic and believe in – and live with -- the spirits.