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Estremoz at dawn | by LusoFox
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Estremoz at dawn

Estremoz is a city located in Estremoz Municipality in Alentejo Region in Portugal.

 

Together with the two other marble towns, Borba and Vila Viçosa, Estremoz is internationally known for its fine to medium-grained marble that occurs in several colours: white, cream, pink, grey or black and streaks with any combination of these colours. Especially the pink marble (Rosa Aurora and Estremoz Pink) is in high demand.

 

This marble has been used since Antiquity as a material for sculpture and architecture. The first exports in Roman times were probably for the construction of the Circus Maximus of Emerita Augusta, in modern day Spain. The Portuguese navigators exported this marble to Africa, India and Brazil. The marble from this region was used in famed locations such as the Monastery of Jerónimos, the Monastery of Batalha, the Monastery of Alcobaça and the Tower of Belém.

 

There is so much marble around Estremoz that it is used everywhere; even the doorsteps, pavements and the cobble stones are made out of marble. This marble is even converted into whitewash for painting the houses.

 

Portugal is the second largest exporter of marble in the world, surpassed only by Italy (Carrara marble). About 85 % of this marble (over 370,000 tons) is produced around Estremoz.

 

In the quarries marble blocks are cut from the rock with a diamond wire saw, a durable steel cable with a series of circular diamond beads. The initial conduit for the wire is made by drilling a horizontal hole and a vertical hole of which the ends meet exactly inside the rock. The wire saw may need a day to cut through the marble.

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estremoz

 

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Estremoz é uma cidade portuguesa no Distrito de Évora, região Alentejo, subregião Alentejo Central, com 8 662 habitantes.

 

É sede de um município com 513,82 km² de área e 14 298 habitantes (2011), subdividido em 13 freguesias. O município é limitado a norte pelos municípios de Sousel e Fronteira, a nordeste por Monforte, a sueste por Borba, a sul pelo Redondo e a oeste por Évora e por Arraiolos.

 

É conhecida internacionalmente pelas suas jazidas de mármore branco, o chamado Mármore de Estremoz. A exploração do mármore de Estremoz tem uma origem muito antiga, como comprova o Templo romano de Évora, que contém mármore originário de Estremoz. Está também presente no altar-mor da Catedral de Évora.

 

A Estremoz foi concedida a distinção de «Notável Vila», atribuída pelos reis de Portugal a muitas das suas vilas; foi elevada à categoria de cidade em 1926.

 

pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estremoz

 

20120424_500D_IMG_1905_Estremoz

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Taken on April 24, 2012