The Ruhr Region_01
01: The Halde Rheinpreußen
Series: The Ruhr Region: pictures from a laboratory of change
A Series about "The Ruhr Region". What is "The Ruhr Region"?
The Ruhr region is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the largest urban agglomeration in Germany. This agglomeration is the fifth largest urban area in Europe after Istanbul, Moscow, London and Paris.
The Ruhr was at the center of the German economic miracle of the 1950s and 1960s, as very rapid economic growth (9% a year) created a heavy demand for coal and steel.
After 1973, Germany was hard hit by a worldwide economic crisis, soaring oil prices, and increasing unemployment, which jumped from 300,000 in 1973 to 1.1 million in 1975. The Ruhr region was hardest hit, as the easy-to-reach coal mines became exhausted, and German coal was no longer competitive. Likewise the Ruhr steel industry went into sharp decline, as its prices were undercut by lower-cost suppliers such as Japan. The welfare system provided a safety net for the large number of unemployed workers, and many factories reduced their labor force and began to concentrate on high-profit specialty items.
The Ruhr Region is in search of its future and for a new image... also with the (little) help of art!