23 Nisan: National Independence and Children's Day
On Explore #146....
23 Nisan Ulusal Egemenlik ve Cocuk Bayramimiz Kutlu Olsun :)
In Turkey, Children's Day has been celebrated on April 23 since 1935. It originated from the first gathering of Grand National Assembly on April 23, 1920, during the Turkish Independence War.
After the Ottomans were defeated during World War I, Turkish land had been occupied by other European countries such as England, Italy and France. Ataturk, an Ottoman commander, broke his ties with the dying Empire and started the war for independence against Allied forces and the old Ottoman regime. After years of fighting Turkey won full independence.
Turks consider Ataturk to be "The Father of Modern Turkey". After the war, Ataturk refused the role of Sultan or King and established a modern Republic instead. He gifted April 23 to the children for the country, so that they would cherish the independence that cost so much, but at the same time walk the path of "Peace at Home, Peace in the World"
On April 23 children from around the world come to Turkey. They are hosted by families who have children of a similar age. Festivities last over a week and the visiting and Turkish children spend a lot of time together. Many children, often not even speaking the same language, create lifelong friendships. Several of the events are broadcast on television, showing the children in their traditional national outfits, dancing singing and exchanging gifts. The United Nations participates the events.
Every year on April 23, the seats of Parliament are held by children, and a child becomes President for a day. The child President delivers a speech on national television.