Orange County Courthouse (Orange, TX)
Orange is the most eastern county seat in Texas, and is a mere 852 miles down the road (I-10) from El Paso, the western most county seat. In fact, Orange is 90 miles closer to Jacksonville, Florida on the Atlantic coast than it is to El Paso and El Paso is 130 miles closer to San Diego, California on the Pacific coast than it is to Orange.
Originally named Green’s Bluff, the town was renamed to Madison in 1840 in honor of President James Madison. In 1858 confusion at the Post Office between Madison and Madisonville prompted locals to change the name again, this time to Orange which was the name of the county formed six years earlier. Most accounts claim the name came from orange groves that grew along the Sabine River and had attracted boatmen to the area years before. Some, however, believe it is more likely that the county was named Orange because one of the commissioners appointed to organize it, A.H. Reading, was from Orange, New Jersey. The New Jersey town of Orange was in turn named for the Dutch House of Orange, so named because of their orange colored coat of arms.
The courthouse in Orange was built in 1937 and like most others from that time it replaced a much nicer nineteenth century structure that presumably had out-lived its usefulness.