1040–0992 460 PHARAOHS OF EGYPT- Golden Mummy Mask of General Wendjebauendjed, Reign of PSUSENNES I. Egyptian Museum Cairo - photo Hans Ollermann 2016.
Egyptian Museum Cairo.
Inv.nr. JE 87753.
Wendjebauendjed was an ancient Egyptian general, high dignitary and high priest during the reign of pharaohs Psusennes I of the 21st Dynasty. He is mainly known for his intact tomb found by Pierre Montet inside the royal necropolis of Tanis.
About his life nothing is known but his occupations: Wendjebauendjed held an impressive list of military, administrative and religious titles, such as Hereditary prince and count, Seal-bearer of the King of Lower Egypt.
The fact that Wendjebauendjed held such important offices granted him the great honor to be buried in the royal necropolis even though he was not a royal personage.
His mummified remains show that he was perhaps of Nubian descent and that he died around his fifties.
The name Wendjebauendjed was initially found by Pierre Montet and Georges Goyon in 1939 carved on some statuettes and ushabtis found inside the newly discovered burial chamber of Shoshenq II. A year later, Montet discovered the burial chamber of Psusennes I where he found a golden hilt belonged to Wendjebauendjed, placed on the king's sarcophagus.
After World War II, Montet and Goyon resumed the excavations and on 13 February 1946 they discovered a new, undisturbed burial chamber inside the same necropolis. A reused granite anthropoid sarcophagus, originally belonged to a priest of Amun called Amenhotep and datable to the 19th Dynasty, was found inside. The new owner was the same Wendjebauendjed named on the objects recovered from the near tombs before the war. For him the sarcophagus was covered by gold leaf, and inside it was a painted and gilded wooden coffin which in turn contained a silver coffin, both poorly preserved. Wendjebauendjed's face was covered by a golden mummy mask, and many other jewelry was found inside the sarcophagus such as pectorals, rings, bracelets and gold statuettes; particularly remarkable are three fine bowls made from gold and silver, and a lapis lazuli statuette of Amun in his ram form. Outside the sarcophagus were also found many ushabtis and Wendjebauendjed's four canopic jars. All the funerary equipment is now in Cairo Museum.