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Cutia / Common agouti | by Marcio Cabral de Moura
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Cutia / Common agouti

O Jardim Botânico de Curitiba ou Jardim Botânico Francisca Maria Garfunkel Richbieter é um dos principais pontos turísticos da cidade de Curitiba, capital do estado brasileiro de Paraná. Localiza-se no bairro Jardim Botânico. Em 2007 foi o monumento mais votado numa eleição para escolha das Sete Maravilhas do Brasil, promovido pelo site Mapa-Mundi.

 

Inaugurado em 5 de outubro de 1991, o jardim contém inúmeros exemplares vegetais do Brasil e de outros países, espalhados por alamedas e estufas de ferro e vidro, a principal delas inspirada no Palácio de Cristal de Londres.

 

O projeto é do arquiteto Abrão Assad, que também planejou o Museu Botânico, com auditório, centro de pesquisas, espaço para biblioteca especializada e sala de exposições temporárias e permanentes. Atualmente o Museu Botânico de Curitiba tem o quarto maior herbário do país.

 

Atrás dessa estufa está situado o Espaço Cultural Frans Krajberg, com a exposição permanente "A Revolta", de obras do artista polonês naturalizado brasileiro Frans Krajcberg. O nome "A Revolta" expressa o sentimento do artista com relação à destruição sem limites provocada pelo homem nas florestas brasileiras. Nessa galeria estão expostas 110 obras de grande porte, todas elas feitas a partir de restos de árvores queimadas ou derrubadas de forma ilegal. Há também exposição de fotos tiradas pelo próprio escultor, venda de livros relacionados ao artista e a possibilidade de visitas monitoradas. A principal finalidade do espaço é, de acordo com Krajcberg, a conscientização ambiental.

 

Todo o Jardim Botânico possui uma área total de 278 mil metros quadrados, incluindo o bosque com mata atlântica preservada. Localiza-se na rua Ostoja Roguski (Primeira Perimetral dos Bairros) - Bairro Jardim Botânico.

Wikipédia

 

A cutia (Dasyprocta aguti) (também conhecida como cotia) é um mamífero roedor, da família Dasiproctidae, gênero Dasyprocta, de pequeno porte, medindo entre 49 e 64 cm. Sete espécies de cutias habitam o território brasileiro.

 

As cutias têm apenas vestígio de cauda, extremidades anteriores bem mais curtas que as posteriores, e pés compridos com cinco dedos, sendo três desenvolvidos, com unhas cortantes equivalentes a pequenos cascos, e o quinto dedo muito reduzido. Herbívoras, as cutias se alimentam de sementes e frutos. Costumam fazer uma coleta cuidadosa na época de abundância para utilização em épocas de escassez. Sua coloração é variável entre as espécies.

 

A sua pelagem apresenta um efeito especial, aparentando ser dourada. Cada pelo possui zonas de várias cores, desde branco a castanho escuro. Este efeito de zonagem, comum em muitos outros animais tais como o lobo-cinzento, é causado por uma substância chamada eumelanina, que, durante o crescimento do pelo, é produzida de forma intermitente, dando origem a esse efeito. Por esta razão é usada a designação aguti para referir genericamente este efeito na pelagem dos animais.

Wikipédia

 

The Jardim Botânico de Curitiba, in Portuguese, or the Botanical Garden of Curitiba, in English, is also known as the "Jardim Botânico Fanchette Rischbieter". This is a park located in the city of Curitiba, the capital of the state of Paraná, and the biggest city in southern Brazil. It is the major tourist attraction of the city, and it houses part of the campus of the Federal University of Paraná. The international identification code is CURIT.

 

Opened in 1991, Curitiba's trademark botanical garden was created in the style of French gardens. Once the portal of entry, may be seen extensive gardens in the French style in the midst of fountains, waterfalls and lakes, and the main greenhouse of 458 square meters, which shelters in its interior, copies plants characteristic of tropical regions. It rolls out its carpet of flowers to the visitors right at the entrance. This occupies 240.000 m² in area. The principal greenhouse, in an art nouveau style with a modern metallic structure, resembles the the mid-19th century Crystal Palace in London. The Botanic Museum, which provides a national reference collection of native flora, attracts researchers from all over the world. It includes many botanic species from the moist Atlantic Forests of eastern Brazil.

 

The native forest is filled with paths for strolling. Behind the greenhouse is the Museum of Franz Krajcberg, the Polish Brazilian artist who took up the cause of environmental conservation; with 1,320 square meters of area, divided into multimedia classrooms, an auditorium with 60 seats and lounge with several exhibitions of works donated by visual artist, represented by sculptures and reliefs, as well as photographs, videos, publications and educational materials.

 

In the other side is the Botanical Museum, a wooden building which entrance using a bridge made of wood also. Actually, the Botanical Museum of Curitiba has the fourth largest herbarium in the country. In front of the construction there is a pond with carp, turtles, teal, herons, etc, and offers a lake, an auditorium, a library, an expositions area, a theatre, tennis courts and a cycle track.

Wikipedia

 

The popular term (common) agouti designates several rodent species of the genus Dasyprocta that inhabit areas of Central America, the West Indies and northern South America. They are related to guinea pigs and look quite similar, but with longer legs. The species vary in color from tawny to dark brown with lighter underparts. Their body is covered with course hair which is raise when alarmed. They are about 20 in. in length with a short hairless tail.

 

Confusingly, the related pacas were placed by some authorities in a genus called Agouti, though Cuniculus has priority and is the correct term (Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005).

 

Agoutis have five front and three hind toes; the first toe is very small. The tail is very short or non-existent and hairless. The molar teeth have cylindrical crowns, with several islands and a single lateral fold of enamel. Agoutis may grow to be up to 60 cm in length and 4 kg in weight. Most species have a brown back and a whitish or buffy belly; the fur may have a glossy appearance and then glimmers in an orange colour. Reports differ as to whether they are diurnal or nocturnal animals.[1] In the wild they are shy animals and flee from humans, while in captivity they may become trusting.

 

Agoutis are found in forest and wooded areas in Central and Southern America. Their habitat includes rainforests, savannas and, nowadays, cultivated fields, depending on the species. They conceal themselves at night in hollow tree-trunks or in burrows among roots. Active and graceful in their movements, their pace is either a kind of trot or a series of springs following one another so rapidly as to look like a gallop. They take readily to water, in which they swim well.

 

When feeding, agoutis sit on their hind legs and hold food between their forepaws. They may gather in groups of up to 100 to feed. [1] They eat fallen fruit, leaves and roots although they may sometimes climb trees to eat green fruit. They will hoard food in small buried stores. In a pinch, they have also been seen eating the eggs of ground-nesting birds and even shellfish on the seashore. Sometimes they can cause damage to sugarcane and banana plantations. They are regarded as the only species that can open Brazil nuts without tools, mainly thanks to their strength and exceptionally sharp teeth.

 

Agoutis give birth to litters of two to four young after a gestation period of three months. Some species have two litters a year in May and October while others breed year round. Young are born into burrows lined with leaves, roots and hair. They are well developed at birth and may be up and eating within an hour. Fathers are barred from the nest while the young are very small. They can live for as long as twenty years, a remarkably long time for a rodent.

<a href=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_agouti

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Taken on April 9, 2009