Mangroves are inter-tidal forests with great economic and ecological significance. Mangroves represent a unique type of ecosystem mostly found in salty habitats.
In Pakistan, mangroves are found along the southern borders of the country along the coast of Sindh and Balochistan. The Indus Delta extends to an area of approximately 600,000 hectares of which 160,000 consists of mangrove forests. These are unique in the sense that they are considered to be the largest area of arid climate mangroves in the world. At one time, eight different species of mangroves could be found in Pakistan, but today only four of them can be seen, e.g., Avicennia marina, Rhizophora mucronata, Ceriops tagal and Aegiceras corniculata (WWF, 1997).
Mangroves provide significant disaster protection from storm-induced tidal surges and episodic cyclones. Mangroves plantation also improves substantially the coastal environment, thereby increasing biodiversity, and provide much needed new habitats for juvenile commercial fish stocks.
IUCN and Sindh Forest Department are implementing the Mangrove Plantation component of the Project.
The above shot was taken during a review Mission of ADB-funded Sindh Coastal Community Development Project. This site in the above picture is located in the creeks of Keti Bandar of District Thatta.