Paard van Marken ("Horse of Marken")
Explore #359 - 14 August 2011
THIS PICTURE SHOULD BE VIEWED IN LARGE FORMAT. PLEASE PRESS "L" ON YOUR KEYBOARD.
Yesterday I went testing my new graduated ND filter. I can nott wait to use it on sunsets. It works just great. However, it is quite a challenge to give the clouds the right exposure. They tend to get a bit to dark.
At this picture you can see one of the most photographed lighthouses of the Netherlands. It was build in1839 on Marken. Marken is a former island in the IJsselmeer which was separated from the mainland by a high tide in 1164 and is now linked with the Nes promontory by a 2km/1.25mile long dike built in 1957. The dike is part of the ring dike round the future Markerwaard, the fourth area planned to be reclaimed from the Zuiderzee. Since the decline of the
fisheries following the dyking of the Zuiderzee Marken's main source of income has been tourism. In 1232 there was on Marken a daughter house of the Frisian abbey of Mariengaard, which from 1251 to 1345 owned the whole island. Thereafter it was purchased by the town of Amsterdam, and as a result was frequently involved during the Middle Ages in the conflicts between Amsterdam and the ports on the opposite side of the Zuiderzee (e.g. Kampen). In the 17th century the shipping trade of Marken flourished. During the French occupation (1811) the island became independent. At the end of the 19th century there were 17 villages on Marken; now there are only seven in addition to the main village of Monnikenwerf. The principal tourist attractions of Marken are its characteristic old wooden houses and its traditional costumes.