On February 21, 1952 Police opened fire on a student demonstration in Dhaka demanding Bangla to be one of the national languages of the then Pakistan. A number of students of Dhaka University laid down their lives in that shooting and thus creating a unique event in the annals of History. Never before has any one laid down their lives for recognition of their mother tongue!
This event is observed throughout Bangladesh and in Dhaka it begins with laying of floral wreaths starting from midnight followed by early morning barefoot procession towards the Central Shaheed Minar located near Dhaka Medical College Hospital (the location where the students were shot and killed).
Its observance was also formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution in 2008 establishing as the International Year of Languages!