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Wànglóngmén funicular railway (望龙门缆车) - 1 (Chongqing - 22), 1983 | by Leroy W. Demery, Jr.
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Wànglóngmén funicular railway (望龙门缆车) - 1 (Chongqing - 22), 1983

One of three urban funicular railways in Chongqing. These, according to the 1983 street map, were called 缆车, lǎnchē.

 

(Lǎnchē might translate into English as "Cable Car." However, in the eastern U.S., one might say "Incline Railway," "Inclined Plane" or just "Incline.")

 

This line has been identified on the "bbs.cqbus.net" bulletin board (thank you; bbs.cqbus.net) as the 望龙门缆车, Wànglóngmén lǎnchē.

 

This was the easternmost of the three funicular lines then (1983) in operation.

 

The lettering on the dash, below the emblem, reads Shancheng. This is shown clearly in a photo on a Chinese-language website:

groups.tianya.cn/bulo/ShowArticle.asp?idWriter=0&Key=...

 

(山城, Shānchéng, means "mountain city.")

 

This line was designed by the noted structural engineer, 茅以升, Máo Yĭshēng (1896-1989). Design work was started in 1944 July, and construction was started in 1945 April. The line was opened on 1945 May 16.

 

The length of the line was 178 meters. The vertical rise (Hd) was 46.9 meters.

 

The operator title, after 1954, was 重庆缆车公司, Chóngqìng lănchē gōngsī (roughly, "Chongqing Cable Car Company").

 

My notes state that the fare (at 1983) was Y0.01 down, and Y0.02 up.

 

The line once carried 700,000 passengers per day. New bridges and an aerial cableway were built across the 长江, Chángjiāng (Yangtse) river, and connecting ferry services were withdrawn. Traffic fell to 13,000 per day by 1995. The line was closed in 1996.

 

A "Chongqing Evening News" article (in Chinese) shows a photograph of the disused trackbed and provides a brief history.

 

www.cqwb.com.cn/webnews/htm/2006/8/1/206939.shtml

 

1983 October 16.

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Taken on October 16, 1983