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Noto (Sr) - Lorino and girl

Noto is a city and comune in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily (Italy). Its located 32 km southwest of the city of Syracuse at the foot of the Iblean Mountains and gives its name to the surrounding area, Val di Noto. In 2002 Noto and its church were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.The older town, Noto Antica, lies 8 km directly north on Mount Alveria. It was ancient Netum, a city of Sicel origin, left to Hiero II by the Romans by the treaty of 263 BCE and mentioned by Cicero as a foederala citilas (Verr. v. 51, 133), and by Pliny as Latinae conditionis (Hist. Nat. iii. 8. 14). According to legend, Daedalus stopped here after his flight over the Ionian Sea, as well as Hercules, after his seventh task.A view of the Noto town hall.In the Roman era, it opposed praetor Verres. In 866 it was conquered by the Arabs, who elevated to a capital city of one of three districts of the island (the Val di Noto). Later it was a rich Norman city.In the 16th and 17th centuries, the city brought forth several notable intellectual figures, including Giovanni Aurispa, jurists Andrea Barbazio and Antonio Corsetto, as well as the architect Matteo Carnelivari and the minor composer Mario Capuana. In 1503 king Ferdinand III gave it the title of civitas ingeniosa ("ingenious city"). In the following centuries, the city expanded enlarging its medieval limits; and new buildings, churches and convents were built. These, however, were all totally destroyed by the 1693 earthquake. The devastation of the city on Mount Alveria was accompanied by its economy[clarification needed], which relied mainly on agricultural products– vine, oil, cereals, rice, cotton– and its renowned handicrafts.The current town, rebuilt after the earthquake on the left bank of River Asinaro, was planned on a grid system by Giovanni Battista Landolina. This new city occupied a position nearer to the Ionian Sea. The presence of architects like Rosario Gagliardi, Francesco Sortino and others, made the new Noto a masterpiece of Sicilian Baroque, dubbed the "Stone Garden" by Cesare Brandi and is currently listed among UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The new structures are characterized by a soft tufa stone, which under sunlight assumes a typical honey tonality. Parts of the cathedral suddenly collapsed in 1996, a great loss to Sicilian Baroque.The city, which had lost its provincial capital status in 1817, rebelled against the House of Bourbon on May 16, 1860, leaving its gates open to Giuseppe Garibaldi and his expedition. Five months later, on October 21, a plebiscite sealed the annexation of Noto to Piedmont.In 1844, Noto was named a bishopric seat, but in 1866 suffered the abolition of the religious guilds, which were deeply linked to the city's structures and buildings.Noto was freed from fascist dictatorship in July 1943. At the referendum of 1946, the Notinesi people voted in favour of the monarchy.Noto is famous for its fine buildings of the early 18th century, considered among the main masterpieces in the Sicilian baroque style. It is a place of many religious buildings, there are several palaces, and many others. The old has mixed with the new, and a view from the top of a building on the hill will show the older buildings mixed with new and rebuilt architecture.

 

Noto è un comune italiano di 24.077 abitanti della provincia di Siracusa in Sicilia.È il primo comune siciliano e il quarto italiano per estensione territoriale (550 km2).Noto dista 31 km da Siracusa ed è situata nella parte sud ovest della provincia ai piedi dei monti Iblei. La sua costa, fra Avola e Pachino, dà il nome all'omonimo golfo. Con i suoi 550,86 km² di superficie, il comune di Noto occupa oltre un quarto della Provincia di Siracusa ed è il più grande comune della Sicilia e il quarto d'Italia. Nel suo territorio scorrono due fiumi: il Tellaro, vicino al quale è stata rinvenuta una villa romana, chiamata appunto Villa del Tellaro, e l'Asinaro, alla cui foce, in contrada Calabernardo, si svolse la famosa battaglia tra Ateniesi e Siracusani, che si concluse con la sconfitta dei primi, segnando la disfatta della spedizione ateniese in Sicilia e l'inizio del declino di Atene, che di lì a poco, a seguito di questa sconfitta, avrebbe perso anche la guerra all'interno della quale si inseriva la spedizione in Sicilia contro Siracusa, la Guerra del Peloponneso.Noto è situata sulle pendici meridionali dei monti Iblei, in prossimità della costa del mar Ionio. La città nuova, divenuta famosa per il barocco siciliano,lo stile dominante nell'arte e nell'architettura dei paesi europei e di alcune colonie delle Americhe nel periodo approssimativamente compreso tra il 1600 e il 1750. la città si trova 10 km a sud-est di Noto antica; florida in età greca e romana e nel Medioevo, tanto importante da dare il nome a una delle tre regioni in cui venne divisa la Sicilia (Val di Noto), l'antica Noto venne abbandonata dopo il terremoto del 1693.

 

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Taken on March 19, 2012