new icn messageflickr-free-ic3d pan white
Giardini Naxos (Me) - Blue Jacaranda trees (Jacaranda mimosifolia) | by Luigi Strano
Back to group

Giardini Naxos (Me) - Blue Jacaranda trees (Jacaranda mimosifolia)

Giardini Naxos is a comune in the Province of Messina on the island of Sicily in Italy. It is situated on the coast of the Ionian Sea on a bay which lies between Cape Taormina and Cape Schisò. Today it is a popular seaside-resort.

Founded by Thucles the Chalcidian in 734 BC, Naxos was never a powerful city, but its temple of Apollo Archegetes, protecting deity of all the Greek colonies, gave it prominence in religious affairs. Leontini and Catania were both colonized from here. Hippocrates, tyrant of Gela, captured it in 494 BC. Its opposition to Syracuse ultimately led to its capture and destruction in 403 BC at the hands of Dionysius the tyrant, after it had supported Athens during that city's disastrous Sicilian Expedition. Though the site continued to be inhabited, most activity shifted to neighbouring Tauromenium.

In 1544, following the raids by Turkish corsair, Barbarossa Kheir-ed-Din, several military buildings were constructed to protect Cape Schisò from the Barbary pirates who continued to attack and plunder the coastal villages. These were Schisò Castle which was rebuilt from an earlier 13th century castle, Schisò fort, and Vignazza Tower. The latter is a quadrangular watchtower which served to patrol the coast south of Port Schisò; if any pirate boats were sighted, the observers inside the tower could alert the villagers and neighbouring watchtowers by sending out smoke signals. Vignazza Tower is located in the Recanati area of Giardini Naxos, but is not open to the public.

Prior to the early 1970s, Giardini Naxos was a quiet fishing village. Now it is a popular tourist destination, famous for its beaches, panoramic view of the bay and surrounding hills, and its small, but bustling fishing port. It attracts foreign visitors and Italians alike, many of whom own summer residences in the comune. The seafront, Via Tysandros, is lined with hotels, smaller pensions, pubs, restaurants and pizzerias.

 

Giardini-Naxos è un comune di 9.152 abitanti della provincia di Messina. Anticamente chiamata Nasso, dista 39 km da Messina e 40 da Catania.

Nell'attuale collocazione di Giardini-Naxos, presso Capo Schisò, nel 734 a.C. dei coloni calcidesi fondarono quello che è da tutti ritenuto il primo insediamento greco in Sicilia. Alla nuova colonia venne attribuito il nome di Naxos come l'omonima isola nel Mar Egeo. Nonostante rimase un centro di modeste dimensioni mantenne il suo valore simbolico, in quanto venne eretto un altare in onore di Apollo Archegetes, questo era il punto di partenza degli ambasciatori greci in ritorno alla madrepatria. Durante la Guerra del Peloponneso Naxos si schierò con Atene, ma quando nel 403 a.C. la spedizione militare ateniese in Sicilia fallì, il tiranno siracusano Dionigi il Vecchio la fece radere al suolo e fece costruire sull'altura sovrastante Tauromenion (Taormina). Il territorio venne donato ai Siculi e gli abitanti furono venduti come schiavi. Il nome Naxos permase nel tempo anche in epoca romana e nell'Itinerario Antonino del III secolo d.C. viene citato come località per lo scambio di cavalli lungo la strada consolare in direzione Siracusa. Nel periodo bizantino sulle spoglie della colonia greca si andò a formare un piccolo centro abitato, questo diventò l'approdo strategico per la vicina Taormina. Il periodo di dominio arabo ha lasciato numerosi toponimi come quello del vicino fiume Alcantara o dello stesso Capo Schisò.

 

Font : Wikipedia

 

www.youtube.com/watch?v=T1tVP6wBJIQ

 

The Blue Jacaranda, Jacaranda mimosifolia more often known simply as the "Jacaranda", is a sub-tropical tree native to South America that has been widely planted elsewhere because of its beautiful and long-lasting blue flowers. Older sources give it the systematic name Jacaranda acutifolia, but it is nowadays more usually classified as Jacaranda mimosifolia. It is also known as the Black Poui, or as the fern tree. In scientific usage, the name "Jacaranda" refers to the genus Jacaranda, which has many other members, but in horticultural and everyday usage, it nearly always means the Blue Jacaranda.

The Blue Jacaranda has been cultivated in almost every part of the world where there is no risk of frost; established trees can however tolerate brief spells of temperatures down to around −7°C (20°F). In the United States, it grows in parts of Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona, Texas, and Florida.[2][3], and has been reported to grow in Lafayette, southern Louisiana[4], the Mediterranean coast of Spain, in southern Portugal (very noticeably in Lisbon), southern Italy (in Naples there are beautiful specimens). It is regarded as an invasive species in South Africa and Queensland, Australia, the latter of which has had problems with the Blue Jacaranda preventing growth of native species. Lusaka, the capital of Zambia also sees the growth of many Jacarandas.

The tree grows to a height of 5 to 15 metres. Its bark is thin and grey-brown in colour, smooth when the tree is young though it eventually becomes finely scaly. The twigs are slender and slightly zigzag; they are a light reddish-brown in colour. The flowers are up to 5 cm long, and are grouped in 30 cm panicles. They appear in spring and early summer, and last for up to two months. They are followed by woody seed pods, about 5 cm in diameter, which contain numerous winged seeds. The Blue Jacaranda is cultivated even in areas where it rarely blooms, for the sake of its large compound leaves. These are up to 45 cm long and bi-pinnately compound, with leaflets little more than 1 cm long.Jacaranda is a genus of 49 species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of South America (especially Brazil), Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. The genus name is also used as the common name.The species are shrubs to large trees ranging in size from 2 to 30 m (6.6 to 98 ft) tall. The leaves are bipinnate in most species, pinnate or simple in a few species. The flowers are produced in conspicuous large panicles, each flower with a five-lobed blue to purple-blue corolla; a few species have white flowers. The fruit is an oblong to oval flattened capsule containing numerous slender seeds. The genus differs from other genera in the Bignoniaceae in having a staminode that is longer than the stamens, tricolpate pollen, and a chromosome number of 18.

 

Jacaranda mimosifolia è una pianta appartenente alla famiglia delle Bignoniaceae, originaria del Sud America.La pianta ha le dimensioni di un albero di medie dimensioni con tronco e rami fortemente ramificati e spesso contorti, con corteccia scura, molto rugosa e fessurata. Le foglie sono molto grandi, (20-30 cm) multipennate. I fiori sono tubulari-campanuliformi (a forma di campanella allungata e curvata), di colore celeste-blu, raccolti in gruppi molto decorativi alla estremità dei rami. La fioritura è precoce, all'inizio della stagione calda, ed interessa gran parte della chioma, in assenza o quasi delle foglie.La specie è originaria di Argentina e Bolivia

Albero alto fino ai 10-12 m originario dell’America meridionale; al genere jacaranda appartengono circa cinquanta alberi o arbusti originari dell’America centrale e meridionale, molti coltivati in Australia. Ha portamento eretto, con chioma densa e tondeggiante, larga quanto l’altezza dell’albero; la corteccia è scura e liscia; le foglie sono di colore verde brillante, bipinnate, simili a quelle della mimosa. In primavera inoltrata produce moltissimi grappoli apicali costituiti da fiori a trombetta, lunghi circa 5-6 cm, di colore blu-viola, che donano alla pianta un aspetto molto decorativo. In autunno produce lunghi baccelli cuoiosi che contengono numerosi semi scuri.In Italia é comune nei parchi e nei viali delle città costiere.

5,008 views
2 faves
3 comments
Taken on June 11, 2010