UPPER ENGADIN (Switzerland)
The Engadin or Engadine is a long mountain valley located in the canton of Graubünden in southeast Switzerland. It follows the route of the Inn River from its headwaters at Maloja Pass running northeast until the Inn flows into Austria one hundred kilometers downstream. The Engadin is protected by high mountains on all sides and is famous for its sunny climate, beautiful landscapes and outdoor activities.
The Engadin is divided into two parts
The Upper Engadin from Maloja to Zernez, where the valley is remarkably straight and wide, and up to S-chanf, fairly flat
The Lower Engadin from Zernez to the Austrian border, where the Inn drops more quickly and its path is more tortuous
The Upper Engadin begins at the Maloja Pass with a chain of lakes running north-east–south-west: Lej da Segl (Lake Sils), famous for windsurfing, Lej da Silvaplauna (Lake Silvaplana), and Lej da San Murezzan (Lake St. Moritz). At the south-west end of the valley, the Maloja Pass drops precipitously down to Chiavenna in Italy through the Val Bregaglia, and thence to Como. In the mountains behind Maloja is the European triple divide ( 46°24′40.81″N, 9°39′46.60″E) from where the Inn flows via Danube to the Black Sea, the Maira via Po to the Mediterranean Sea, and the Julia (river) via Rhine to the North Sea.
The world-famous and very expensive resort St. Moritz (1,800 m) sits on Lej da San Murezzan.