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Moma -06 Pablo Picasso - Les Demoiselles d'Avignon | by Lucas Mendes BH
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Moma -06 Pablo Picasso - Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Pablo Picasso - Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

 

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon, and originally titled The Brothel of Avignon)[2] is a large oil painting of 1907 by the Spanish artist Pablo Ruiz Picasso (1881–1973). The work portrays five nude female prostitutes from a brothel on Avinyó Street in Barcelona. Each figure is depicted in a disconcerting confrontational manner and none are conventionally feminine. The women appear as slightly menacing and rendered with angular and disjointed body shapes. Two are shown with African mask-like faces and three more with faces in the Iberian style of Picasso's native Spain, giving them a savage aura. In this adaptation of Primitivism and abandonment of perspective in favor of a flat, two-dimensional picture plane, Picasso makes a radical departure from traditional European painting. The work is widely considered to be seminal in the early development of both Cubism and modern art. Demoiselles was revolutionary and controversial, and led to wide anger and disagreement, even amongst his closest associates and friends.

Painted in Paris during the summer of 1907, Picasso had created hundreds of sketches and studies in preparation for the final work.[3][4] He long acknowledged the importance of Spanish art and Iberian sculpture as influences on the painting. The work is believed by critics to be influenced by African tribal masks and the art of Oceania, although Picasso denied the connection; many art historians remain skeptical about his denials. Several experts maintain that, at the very least, Picasso visited the Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro (known today as Musée de l'Homme) in the spring of 1907 where he saw and was unconsciously influenced by African and Tribal art several months before completing Demoiselles.[5][6] Some critics argue that the painting was a reaction to Henri Matisse's Le bonheur de vivre and Blue Nude.[7]

Its resemblance to Cézanne's Les Grandes Baigneuses, Paul Gauguin's statue Oviri and El Greco's Opening of the Fifth Seal has been widely discussed by later critics. At the time of its first exhibition in 1916, the painting was deemed immoral. In the nine years since its creation, Picasso had always referred to it as Le Bordel d'Avignon, but art critic André Salmon, which managed its first exposition, retitled it Les Demoiselles d'Avignon to lessen its scandalous impact on the public.[2][3] Picasso never liked Salmon's title, and as an edulcoration would have preferred las chicas de Avignon instead.[2]

 

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso known as Pablo Ruiz Picasso (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpaβlo ˈrwiθ piˈkaso]; 25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor who lived most of his adult life in France. He is best known for co-founding the Cubist movement, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and worked in. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907) and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.

Picasso demonstrated uncanny artistic talent in his early years, painting in a realistic manner through his childhood and adolescence; during the first decade of the 20th century his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His revolutionary artistic accomplishments brought him universal renown and immense fortune throughout his life, making him one of the best-known figures in 20th century art.

  

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Les demoiselles d'Avignon é um dos mais famosos quadros do pintor espanhol Pablo Picasso. Pintada em 1907, a óleo sobre tela, este quadro encontra-se exposta no MoMA, em Nova Iorque, e esteve, em 2005, exposta no Museu Sakıp Sabancı, na cidade de Istambul, na Turquia. É considerado um quadro pré-cubista, ou o marco do início do cubismo, porém evidenciando também o impacto da arte africana sobre Picasso e a importancia desta para a própria caracterização do cubismo.

Na época em que pintou este quadro, Picasso tinha completa noção que este era o quadro mais importante que havia pintado até então. Para a obra definitiva Picasso passou meses a fazer esboços e, durante o trabalho, fez inúmeras modificações. Quando concluiu a obra, havia concebido a maior tela que alguma vez pintou.

Esta obra representa, para além de uma obra-prima do cubismo mundial, a violação de todas as tradições e convenções visuais naturalistas ocidentais, ao apresentar cinco aleivosas (prostitutas), representadas de forma cubista, como se nota na mulher nua sentada à direita, vista simultaneamente de frente e de costas. Os rostos das personagens refletem o início do "Período Negro" na obra de Pablo Picasso, quando este sofre uma forte influência da primitivismo assemelhando-se a máscaras e esculturas africanas[1].

 

A estética geométrica e visual delimitou contornos quanto ao futuro do cubismo.

  

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso, ou simplesmente Pablo Picasso (Málaga, 25 de outubro de 1881 — Mougins, 8 de abril de 1973), foi um pintor, escultor e desenhador espanhol, tendo também desenvolvido a poesia.

Foi reconhecidamente um dos mestres da arte do século XX. É considerado um dos artistas mais famosos e versáteis de todo o mundo, tendo criado milhares de trabalhos, não somente pinturas, mas também esculturas e cerâmica, usando, enfim, todos os tipos de materiais. Ele também é conhecido como sendo o co-fundador do Cubismo, junto com Georges Braque.

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Taken on January 31, 2011