03 The read/write web
Original photo by Hummanna.
Some teachers and students reacted against LMS and DRM (there had to be an easier way). There was a growth in awareness of free and open source software. At the same time free Internet publishing tools stimulated massive growth in content creativity around the world, made possible by the success of the Creative Commons. A truly read and write net was possible.
All of this, and many other things, helped to generate wide scale questioning of the way we were doing things in online education, while the rest of the world turned into rabid creators of their own learning!