LNER Class A3 Pacific No. 60103 ‘Flying Scotsman’
LNER Class A3 Pacific steam locomotive No. 60103 ‘Flying Scotsman’ working the FRGT 07:40 London King’s Cross to York service, through Abbots Ripton in Cambridgeshire on 25th February 2016. It only seemed right, given the history and occasion, to remove all the overhead line equipment and process in black and white.
After a 'ten year restoration' the world's most famous locomotive speeds northwards through Abbots Ripton in Cambridgeshire, following the same route it would have worked more than 70 years ago, and today caught the imagine of the population and the nations media, even followed at one point by four News / TV helicopters!
The LNER Class A3 Pacific steam locomotive No. 4472 Flying Scotsman (originally No. 1472) was built in 1923 for the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) at Doncaster Works to a design of H.N. Gresley. It was employed on long-distance express trains on the LNER and its successors, British Railways Eastern and North-Eastern Regions, notably on the 10am London to Edinburgh Flying Scotsman train service after which it was named.
The locomotive set two world records for steam traction, becoming the first steam locomotive to be officially authenticated at reaching 100 miles per hour (160.9 km/h) on 30th November 1934, and then setting a record for the longest non-stop run by a steam locomotive when it ran 422 miles (679 km) on 8th August 1989 while in Australia. Although the record for the first locomotive (or any vehicle) to obtain 100mph is disputed between the LNER Flying Scotsman and the GWR City of Truro.
Retired from regular service in 1963 after covering 2,076,000 miles (3,341,000 km), Flying Scotsman gained considerable fame in preservation under the ownership of, successively, Alan Pegler, William McAlpine, Tony Marchington, and finally the National Railway Museum (NRM). As well as hauling enthusiast specials in the United Kingdom, the locomotive toured extensively in the United States and Canada (from 1969 to 1973) and Australia (from 1988 to 1989). Flying Scotsman has been described as the world's most famous steam locomotive.