The Flood Building, Union Square District, San Francisco, California
The Flood Building is a 12-story highrise in the downtown shopping district of San Francisco, California completed in 1904. Situated on Powell and Market streets, next to the Powell Street cable car turntable, Hallidie Plaza and the Powell Street Bart Station entrance, it is one of the few structures that survived the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.
The building was constructed on the site of the Baldwin Hotel & Theater that was destroyed by fire in 1898, and later purchased by James L. Flood, son of James Clair Flood (1826-1888) the Comstock Lode millionaire.
The Southern Pacific Railroad company maintained its headquarters in the building after its earthquake renovations from 1907 until 1917 when it moved to its own building now at One Market Plaza. The F. W. Woolworth Company store located on basement level and first and second floors was the largest in the chain until 1992, when it was downsized, and later closed in 1996. More recent major tenants include the flagship stores for retailers, Gap, Urban Outfitters, and Anthropologie.
The Pinkerton Detective Agency had an office in Room 314 of the building, and employed Dashiell Hammett, an author of hard-boiled detective novels, as an operative.