New Jerusalem Monastery, Istra
The Monastery was established in the 17th Century. The original project was of Nikon, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (1605-1681). The first wooden church in the monastery was built in 1657. But Nikon fell out of favour with the Tsar, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, was exiled, and the project stalled. But Nikon was posthumously restored and the project restarted by Tsar Fyodor Alexeyevich in 1679.
Originally the idea was that not only the monastery itself but a number of churches in surrounding villages were supposed to represent the places in Palestine of significance in the story of Christ.