64-bit Chip

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    This vintage photo portrays the previous paradigm shift in electronic memory… This is a 64 bit (not KB, MB or GB) memory chip from the mid 60s on top of the industry standard at the time – core memory (hand woven iron rings that store a 1 or a 0 magnetically).

    One of the original IBM engineers, who first put memory chips into a computer, sent me this print. The chip is a SP95 Phase 2 Buffer Memory (The Phase 1 chip was 16 bits), produced at IBM Essex Junction, VT. SP95 was the first commercial application of IC memories in a computer (the IBM S-360, model 95 scientific computer that shipped to NASA in 1966).

    The IC grabbed the proverbial brass ring, and had its day in the sun.

    Vanita, sillydog, LauraFries.com, and 22 other people added this photo to their favorites.

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    1. seanhfoto 111 months ago | reply

      You've come along way baby!!!

      Really like the link you sent, got to get an airzooka for work!

    2. fisheggs 111 months ago | reply

      Just wanted to comment that I love your tech pictures so much! All that stuff was happening when I was a kid and my dad was in Santa Barbara doing system administration (in it's earliest forms). So this not only appeals to the geek in me, it's a walk down memory lane. I remember when my mom took a Cobol class at the local community college...

    3. jurvetson 111 months ago | reply

      wow. 4 different perspectives from 4 different noses. Thanks!

    4. Matt Stevens 109 months ago | reply

      This is an educated layperson's stupid question: I noticed that in two of the rows in your vintage photo, the magnetic rings are touching. Wouldn't this create a short circuit, corrupting the memory?

    5. Mr. Physics 105 months ago | reply

      Matt: Those are magnets, not electrical conduits. Touching doesn't effect their magnetic properties.

    6. Matt Stevens 105 months ago | reply

      I thought through your observation for a while, and I think I understand. The magnetic field generated by an electric current surrounds the object conducting the current. If Magnet A has its wire charged, it flips polarity; its doughnut shape makes it a very efficient receptor of the magnetic field. But, even if the electric current flows into the adjacent Magnet B, it won't flip Magnet B, because the resulting magnetic field is outside Magnet B.

      Okay. Got it. And if I understand the design correctly, a magnet can only be flipped if both wires piercing it are charged at once. (I guess they're designed to each carry half the juice necessary?) Even if the spurious current then flows into the wires running through Magnet B, they can't flip any other magnets, since Magnet B is the only point where those two wires intersect.

      So, have I now mastered the basic physics of 40-year-old RAM? :-)

    7. jurvetson 105 months ago | reply

      yup, some good detail can be found in the wikipedia

    8. WisDoc 95 months ago | reply

      Wow, cool shot! This would be perfect for the "Geometry" theme contest at the Scientist Photographers pool this week. Well done!
      (from Scientist Photographers group)

    9. oliwier 89 months ago | reply

      WordMingle, a social vocabulary building tool, pulled this picture for the word Paradigm

    10. schoschie 81 months ago | reply

      I notice on the chip there are 12 identical-looking units. Would that be the actual memory (and the other stuff is for the memory interface, or some other administrative function)? – Then how can 64 bits be divided up in 12 units?

    11. jurvetson 81 months ago | reply

      I don't know, but I can see a pattern of 64 repeated units, 4 of which are around each of the 12 squares you mention, and 8 more in each of the rows along the left and right edges.

    12. schoschie 81 months ago | reply

      Ah-haa! Very good, I should've looked at the large size…

    13. TwelveX 62 months ago | reply

      One of my teachers in college had one of these magnetic memory blocks sitting on his windowsill.

      Hadn't thought of them again 'till now.

    14. Softpedia Science 59 months ago | reply

      Hello,
      We've used your picture on one of our articles. You can find it here
      news.softpedia.com/news/MIT-Devised-Radio-Chip-Looks-Like...

      Great shot!

    15. born1945 53 months ago | reply

      For the time line, these ring core storages were still being used by the military ship-board in the 1970s. Here is A LINK to a site that has information on the origin of the Univac computer that first came out in about 1958 and continued in use through the Vietnam War on the NTDS systems (Naval Tactical Data System.

    16. Erik Charlton 48 months ago | reply

      Just saw this one for the 1st time...wonderful!

    17. schoschie 48 months ago | reply

      The chip is 64 bits; the core memory below shows ~30 bits (if you include the ones slightly out of frame). But the chip is only about a ninth of the size of the piece of core memory shown. So the miniaturisation seen here is 18 : 1 if my math serves me right. That might not seem much at first thought, but it is way higher than Moore's Law (which didn't exist yet at the time, or did it?)

    18. jurvetson 48 months ago | reply

      If you abstract Moore's Law for what people really purchase - storage or computation - then it did exist. Gordon Moore was seeing a refraction of the longer term trend:

      Transcending Moore’s Law

      and from my collection of core memories, I can tell you that they miniaturized each year.

    19. schoschie 48 months ago | reply

      I'd never doubt it :)
      I remember seeing that graph in your stream before. It's amazing.

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