Sigiriya - Sri Lanka
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Sigiriya (Lion's rock, Sinhalese - සීගිරිය) is a town with a large
stone and ancient rock fortress and palace ruin in the central Matale
District of Central Province, Sri Lanka, surrounded by the remains of
an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs, and other structures. A
popular tourist destination, Sigiriya is also renowned for its ancient
paintings (frescos), which are reminiscent of the Ajanta Caves of
India. It is one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka.
Sigiriya may have been inhabited through prehistoric times. It was used as a rock-shelter mountain monastery from about the 5th century BC, with caves prepared and donated by devotees of the Buddhist Sangha. According to the chronicles as Mahavamsa the entire complex was built by King Kashyapa (477 – 495 CE), and after the king's death, it was used as a Buddhist monastery until 14th century.