A black family at the Hermitage Plantation, Savannah, Georgia, USA, about 1907
Towards the end of the American Civil War (1864) Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman's men of the Union Army sacked the large main house of this plantation and it was never lived in again. Many of the freed Negro slaves and their descendents continued to live in the gray brick homes they had built themselves when they were captive slaves. They lived in the small brick homes for many years after the war into the 1900s as a freed people.
13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery
Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.".
US Library of Congress