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穗花蛇菰 Balanophora laxiflora Hemsl. | by 王錦堯 (キラ)
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穗花蛇菰 Balanophora laxiflora Hemsl.

Balanophora laxiflora Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26(177): 410, pl. 9, f. 2-3. 1894.


Family Balanophoradeae 蛇菰科 ツチトリモチ科


Chinese name: 穗花蛇菰


Balanophora laxiflora is distributed in Taiwan, southern China, and Vietnam.

In Taiwan, it’s mainly under the broadleaf forests at intermediate altitude, while some populations at the altitude lower than 1,000 m.


This is an eastern group B. laxiflora which was found in Taroko National Park, Taiwan.




1. Hsieh, Y.-C. (2013) Phylogenetic relationships and associated hosts of Balanophora laxiflora (Balanophoraceae) and allied taxa. Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, College of Life Science, National Taiwan University. Master thesis.

2. Flora of Taiwan, 2nd ed.:

3. Plants of Taiwan:

4. Tropicos:

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Taken on November 16, 2013