Abies nordmanniana ssp. equi-trojani #4
Best viewed @ large size
Pinaceae - Endemic to Turkey; syn. A. bornmuelleriana, A. equi-trojani; endangered in its natural habitat: www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/31325/0
Turkish Fir, Nordmann Fir, Kazdagi Fir, Trojan Fir
Shown: Male cones and foliage
"Nordmann Fir (Abies nordmanniana) is a fir native to the mountains south and east of the Black Sea, in Turkey, Georgia, Russian Caucasus and northern parts of Armenia. It occurs at altitudes of 900-2,200 m on mountains with a rainfall of over 1,000 mm.
"It is a large evergreen coniferous tree growing to 60 m tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 2 m. In the Western Caucasus Reserve, some specimens have been reported to be 78 m and even 85 m tall, the tallest trees in Europe.
"The leaves are needle-like, flattened, 1.8-3.5 cm long and 2 mm wide by 0.5 mm thick, glossy dark green above, and with two blue-white bands of stomata below. The tip of the leaf is usually blunt, often slightly notched at the tip, but can be pointed, particularly on strong-growing shoots on young trees. The cones are 10-20 cm long and 4-5 cm broad, with about 150-200 scales, each scale with an exserted bract and two winged seeds; they disintegrate when mature to release the seeds.
"There are two subspecies (treated as distinct species by some botanists), intergrading where they meet in northern Turkey at about 36°E longitude:
"Caucasian Fir Abies nordmanniana subsp. nordmanniana. Native to the Caucasus mountains and northeastern Turkey west to about 36°E. Shoots often pubescent (hairy).
Turkish Fir Abies nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani (syn. A. bornmuelleriana, A. equi-trojani). Native to northwestern Turkey from Mount Ida eastwards to about 36°E. Shoots usually glabrous (hairless).
"The species is named after Finnish zoologist Alexander von Nordmann (1803-1866), Professor of Botany at Odessa." (Wikipedia)
My complete set of images of Abies nordmanniana ssp. equi-trojani:
Photographed in U.C. Botanical Garden at Berkeley - Berkeley, California