part of the ravine at Babi Yar and the Monument to Soviet citizens and POWs shot by the Nazi occupiers at Babi Yar
The ravine during wartime: media.englishrussia.com/newpictures//babiyar-10.jpg.
This particular memorial was built in 1976. Unfortunately, I was unable to find the nearby menorah-shaped monument to the Jews massacred at Babi Yar, which was opened in 1991. Believe me, I tried.
Babi Yar: On September 29-30, 1941, SS and German police units and their auxiliaries murdered much of the Jewish population of Kiev at Babi Yar, a ravine northwest of the city. This was one of the largest mass murders at an individual location during World War II. As the victims moved into the ravine, Einsatzgruppe detachments shot them in small groups. According to reports by the Einsatzgruppe to headquarters, 33,771 Jews were massacred in two days. In the months following the massacre, German authorities stationed at Kiev killed thousands more Jews at Babi Yar, as well as non-Jews including Roma (Gypsies), Communists, Soviet prisoners of war, patients of the Ivan Pavlov Psychiatric Hospital, members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, and others.