Image from page 243 of "A junior class history of the United States; to which are added the Declaration of independence, and the Constitution of the United States .." (1899)
Publisher: New York, Maynard, Merrill & co.
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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oted,and the jieaceful citizenswere resolved to defend theirrights. This state of things for a considerable time rendered Kansas a scene of law-lessness and bloodshed. 21. Organization of the Republican Party.—A newpolitical party, styled the Republican Party, arose, organ-ized in the support of the free soil principle, that is, ofnot permitting any extension of slavery into free territory.This party, in 1856, nominated for the presidency John C.Fremont, noted for his connection with the invasion andconquest of Califoniiaduring the Mexican War. 22. Election of Buchanan—The Democratic Party,including nearly all the people of the South, as well as alarge j^ortion of those of the Xorth, who were anxious toappease the discontent of the former by every possible 20. What caused civil war in Kansas ? 21. What new political party arose ? Onwhat principle was it organized ? Whom did it nominate for the presidency ? 22.Who was elected ? By what party ? 236 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES [1859
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constitutional measure, suc-ceeded in electing their can-didate, James Buchanan, ofPennsylvania, who was ac-cordingly inaugurated onthe 4th of March, 1857. 23. Buchanans Admin-istration—Browns Raid.— The agitation of theslavery question was con-tinued ; and John lirownsEaid, in 1859, still further increased the bitterness of feeling between the two sec-tions. Brown,* who was enthusiastic in his hatred of slavery, desired to set free as many slaves as he could ; and with this object he and twenty-one associates seized the arsenal at Hai*pers Ferry, for the purpose of making it a rendezvous. The movement, however, entirely failed. Those engaged in it were overpow- seal of minnksota JAMES BUCHANAN
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