Image from page 221 of "The ancient stone implements, weapons, and ornaments, of Great Britain" (1872)
Authors: Evans, John, Sir, 1823-1908
Publisher: London : Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer
Contributing Library: Getty Research Institute
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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ED HAMMERS. [cHAP. IX. The beautiful and elaborately finisbed hammer-head found at Maes-more, near Corwen, Merionethsbh-e, and now in the AntiquarianMuseum at Edinburgh, is to some extent connected in form with thoselike Fig. 152. It is shown in Fig. 153, on the scale of | inch tothe inch, but a full size representation of it is given in the AvcIkbo-loijical Journal/- and in the Arcltaologia Cnmbrensis.\ It is of duskywhite chalcedony, or of very compact quartzite, and weighs 10^ounces. The reticulated ornamentation is worked with great pre-cision, and must have cost great labour. The perforation for thehaft is formed with singular symmetry and perfection ; the lozengygrooved decoration covering the entire surface is remarkably sym-metrical and skilfully finished. The Rev. E. L. Barnwell,! whopresented it to the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, has observedthat the enormous amount of labour that must have been bestowedon cutting and polishing would indicate that it was not intended
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Fig. 15:?.—JIaesmore, Coiwen. \ for ordinary use as a common hammer. Some have considered itas the war implement of a distinguished chief; others, that it wasintended for sacrificial or other religious purpose, or as a badge of highoffice. Other conjectures are also mentioned which it is needless to repeat.My own opinion is in favour of regarding it as a weapon of war, such as,like the jade merai of the New Zealander, implied a sort of chieftainshipin its possessor. At the time of its discovery, it was unique of its kind.But since then a second example has been found, though in an unfinishedcondition, at Urquhart, near Elgin, and has also been placed in theMuseum at Edinburgh. It is rather smaller, but of similar type andmaterial to the Welsh specimen. The shaft-hole is finished, but theboring process has not been skilfully carried out, the meeting at thecentre of the holes bored from either face not having been perfect; andthough the hole has been made straight by subsequent grindi
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