Image from page 590 of "Triumphs and wonders of the 19th century, the true mirror of a phenomenal era, a volume of original, entertaining and instructive historic and descriptive writings, showing the many and marvellous achievements which distinguish an
Title: Triumphs and wonders of the 19th century, the true mirror of a phenomenal era, a volume of original, entertaining and instructive historic and descriptive writings, showing the many and marvellous achievements which distinguish an hundred years of material, intellectual, social and moral progress ..
Authors: Boyd, James Penny, 1836-1910
Publisher: Philadelphia, Pa., A. J. Holman & Co
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: Sloan Foundation
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lectric discovery made by Benjamin Franklin in theeighteenth century is, at the close of the nineteenth, the motive-power usedfor driving the machines for type composition, — the seemingly impossiblehas reached the stage of possibility. THE ART PRESERVATIVE 559 Dr. William Church, of Connecticut, produced a machine looking to ma-chine type-composition in 1820. It did not come into use, although he spentlarge sums of money on it, and devoted a vast amount of energy toward hav-ing it taken up both in this country and in England. At the Paris Exhibi-tion in 1835 there were exhibited several machines of this sort, one of which— the patent of Christian Sorensen, of Copenhagen — was used upon a dailypaper issued during the exhibition. In 1871, at the International Exhibitionin London, there was shown a machine possessing peculiar features. It useda perforated ribbon, through the medium of which types were worked intoposition. The machine was cumbersome, complicated, and expensive, and
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LINOTYPE (TYPE-SETTING) MACHINE (FKONT VIEW). could not be brought into anything like general usage. In 1875 M. Del-cambre, of Paris, after twenty years work produced a machine in New York.It had the same objections as the others. While this machine could doas much a£ the labor of three men by hand, it required a man to operate,another man to place the set type in lines, steam to keep it in motion, and abig cost to construct. Up to this period, all the experiments had shown the want of somethingwhich would obviate the presence of a man to make the lines of the properlength and with equal spacing between the words. All the machines whichwere anything near available picked up and placed in position separate types.At the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, in Philadelphia, there were shown ma-chines which used brass dies and cast a V. ne of type. These seemed to pos- 560 TRIUMPHS AND WONDERS OF THE XIXth CENTURY sess the element for successful use, and the outcome was the production ofthe ma
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